Periodontal treatment cares for the gums and bones that support the teeth. Periodontal care treats gingivitis and its more severe relative, periodontitis. At Sims Dentistry of Louisville, there are many treatments and procedures that can help to correct both of these issues.

Treatment for gingivitis and periodontitis at Sims Dentistry of Louisville.

Periodontal disease is an infection of oral tissues that support your teeth. It’s the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. Gum disease is painless in its first stages; you might not even know you have it. Gum disease starts off with a sticky film-like coating of bacteria that forms daily on our teeth.

There are some significant warning signs of gum disease, including:

  • Swollen, tender gums that bleed easily.
  • Chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Loosening teeth.

These are major risk factors:

  • Inconsistent or poor oral hygiene.
  • Family history of gum disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Medications, including some blood pressure medicine that works on calcium channels, oral contraceptives, anti-epilepsy drugs, and cancer drugs.
  • Chronic dry mouth or Sjogren’s Syndrome.

Treatment of Gum Disease

Your dentist at Sims Dentistry of Louisville will discuss your medical history with you, then take X-rays of your teeth, jawbone and facial bones. After a thorough examination, your dentist will determine what treatments will address your needs. For gingivitis, these include:

  • Scaling. Scaling is a deep cleaning of your teeth, including tooth surfaces beneath the gumline. This procedure removes tartar and cleans out any bacteria.
  • Root Planing. Root planing discourages continued accumulation tartar and bacteria by smoothing the tooth roots.
  • Antibiotics. Antibiotics aren’t always called for, but if the infection is deep or widespread, antibiotics are usually prescribed.

Advanced periodontitis often calls for surgical treatment. These are just a few procedures:

  • Pocket reduction surgery. Your periodontist opens a small area of your gum tissue, lifts it back, and performs deep planing and scaling of your tooth roots.
  • Soft tissue grafts. When you lose gum tissue, your gumline recedes. Grafting soft tissue over your exposed tooth roots protects them from bacteria and infection.
  • Bone grafting. Bone grafts may be necessary after the infected bone is removed.

If you’re looking for the best periodontal care in Louisville, see us at Sims Dentistry of Louisville. If you have bleeding, sore, tender or receding gums, see your dentist at Sims Dentistry of Louisville.

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